Turkey has the most valuable silk carpet in the world, in the Mevlana Museum in Konya with 144 knots per sq. cm. In the 13th century, Marco Polo wrote "The best and handsomest of rugs are woven here, and also silks of crimson and other rich colors".
Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Bosphorus, the strait that flows through Europe and Asia. It was never built.
St Nicholas – the original Santa Claus – was born in Patara in Turkey and preached in Demre (Myra in the bible).